a UX Designer

UX design, or user experience design, is a growing field within web development that offers high salaries and excellent job satisfaction. UX designers are part of a greater field of programmers that include web developers, UI (user interface) designers, and others.

User experience designers are vital to consumer software and web development. These professional programmers shape the online world, and are behind every site and program we use. UX designers are part of the reason you can tell the difference between an old and new site.

  • According to Glassdoor, UX designers earned a base salary of $85,011 per year.
  • The Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that web developers (including UX designers) will enjoy a fast job growth rate of 13%.
a ux designer drawing on paper

What Is UX Design?

UX (user experience) designers create systems and products that provide a helpful experience for users. They ensure that websites are easy to navigate, visually attractive, functional, and logically oriented.

User experience designers are the last line of defense for a digital product. They are in charge of everything the user sees and directly interacts with. This includes the layout of the site, colors, button location, menus, graphics, and everything else they deem helpful to the user.

What Do UX Designers Do?

User experience designers build the visual and interactive parts of a website, software product, or application. Everything from social media sites to phone interfaces are designed by these professionals.

However, user experience design is most commonly associated with web development. And while they don’t always code, UX designers can use their coding skills to create the features of a site. Also, they arrange everything in a way that’s easy to navigate and helpful to users.

User experience designers aren’t as concerned with the ‘inner workings’ or ‘backend’ development of a site. Nonetheless, they do collaborate closely with backend and other front end web developers. This ensures all features work together in harmony to create a sleek and functional product.

UX Design Job Description

UX design is a complex and technically challenging field, with a lot of job duty variations between positions. One UX designer’s task list is likely completely different than another product designer. That’s true even if they work in the same building. However, most UX designers (and front end web developers, for that matter) have certain job duties in common. We compiled a list of some of the most common shared aspects of UX design job descriptions.

Coding and Programming

Not all UX designers know how to code. But coding can be a big part of any UX designer’s daily life. Everything you see on a website originates with code of some sort, often HTML, JavaScript, or CSS. We’ll cover common web development coding languages below.


UX designers almost always work with other developers and a design team. Sometimes, there is a great deal of bureaucracy involved with deciding on a design for a website. Plus, the remaining front end and backend programming needs to be completed in congruence with the UX designer’s work. Early in your career, teamwork can make finding a mentor easier, expediting your career and helping the team as a whole.


For UX designers who are involved in coding, debugging will be a big part of life. Like it or not, all programmers have to deal with debugging on a fairly regular basis. Code is complex, and scripts can seemingly run forever. When something inevitably goes wrong, or when users begin reporting problems, it’s the developer’s job to find the issue.


Obviously, design is a big part of a UX designer’s career. That means they must understand what is functional, modern, and visually appealing. This process often requires experimentation and trying different layouts until one fits.

Updating and Modernizing

Websites and applications need a UX-refresh from time to time. Imagine if YouTube was still using its 2006 layout. It would seem antiquated and lack important features that are ubiquitous over a decade later. UX designers follow industry trends and listen to users, then update the product. This keeps everything aligned with the latest standards and keeps users happy.

What Are the Required Skills for UX Design Careers?

UX design is a challenging (yet rewarding) career path, offering high salaries and a wide range of work and freelance opportunities. However, being a user experience designer requires specialized skills, most of which required dedication and training to master. Nonetheless, anyone with motivation and time can learn what it takes to become a UX designer. Here are a few of the most important skills needed to start a UX design career.

Attention to Detail

Attention to detail and a keen eye for design are important skills to develop as a UX designer. Understanding what makes an easy-to-use and attractive interface is the key to generating a positive user experience. This skill is particularly important in usability testing of interactive designs, and when searching for bugs. UX designers should be able to notice and solve problems throughout the design process.

Observing Trends

A great UX designer stays on top of the latest industry design trends in order to stay up-to-date. It’s not difficult for a website or application to become obsolete. This is especially true in a time where technology and styling trends change rapidly. Good UX designers stay on top of it, and update their products accordingly.


As we mentioned earlier, UX designers are usually a part of a greater web development team. Most UX designers can’t code the server-side portion of a website. But somebody has to–and it has to work seamlessly with other aspects of the client side. As a result, it’s important to be a team player if projects are to turn out well.

How Much Do UX
Designers Make?

User experience design, like most web development jobs, can be very lucrative (even early on in your career). According to Glassdoor, the average base UX designer salary in the United States is $85,011. Plus, designers make an additional $7,000 or so in bonuses and overtime. That brings total compensation quite close to $100,000.

And like most fields in the tech industry, salaries vary widely based on a few factors. The factors that have the biggest impact on salary are geographic location, experience, education, and company. Here, we compiled the average UX designer salaries from 15 major metropolitan areas.

City Average Salary
San Francisco, CA $102,166
Los Angeles, CA $84,453
Portland, OR $76,884
New York, NY $88,302
Philadelphia, PA $73,194
Seattle, WA $92,506
Minneapolis, MN $75,364
Atlanta, GA $78,612
Phoenix, AZ $75,214
Boston, MA $83,097
Miami, FL $75,538
Chicago, IL $78,006
Milwaukee, WI $73,689
Cleveland, OH $69,345
Dallas, TX $79,670

UX Design Technologies and
Programming Languages

Some UX designers don’t code very much, and others only learn a few languages. However, learning how to code is often recommended (and sometimes necessary) for virtually all parts of web development.

UX designers vary in their preferred languages, but many learn the same set of 3 or 4 early on. The coding landscape changes constantly. But 4 languages have a long history with UX design (and probably aren’t going anywhere anytime soon).


HTML, or Hypertext Markup Language, probably isn’t a true coding language. Nonetheless, it’s one of the most common and basic languages used in web design. HTML is used to format very basic text on web pages, and it’s quite easy to learn for many people.


JavaScript is just as common as HTML. In fact, they go hand-in-hand in UX design and other forms of web development. JavaScript allows developers to add certain fluid and interactive features to a site, such as slideshows and buttons. JavaScript helps turn a static webpage into a vibrant and interactive experience.


CSS is another extremely common coding language used in UX design. CSS is useful for many things, but it’s primarily used as a formatting tool for complex sites. CSS allows a site to adapt to mobile screens and desktop computers, and a variety of other layouts.


Python, while more commonly used in backend (server-side) web development, is a useful language to know as a UX designer. This multipurpose programming language is used by all kinds of developers for virtually anything.

How Can You Become a UX

UX design is a growing career field with plenty of opportunity. UX design, along with the web development field as a whole, has a pretty low barrier-to-entry. In fact, the Bureau of Labor Statistics states that the typical education for the field is an associate’s degree.

An associate’s degree or a bachelor’s degree in design or computer science certainly helps. Nonetheless, many UX designers don’t have any degrees. The tech industry is quite flexible with education requirements. In many cases, experience and ability matter more than education, though not always.

Coding bootcamps are an alternative to college, and they’re a popular route into a web development career. Bootcamps, which are short-term career training programs, offer a fast way to learn a lot of coding skills.

Both coding bootcamp and college have their own pros and cons. Everyone should weigh the options and decide on the path that works best for them. Some UX designers are entirely self-taught. And while uncommon, it’s theoretically possible to get into the field from any angle.

UX Design Learning Paths

UX Design Bootcamps

Coding bootcamps are a popular option for UX designers. Bootcamp usually lasts around 6 months or less, but UX design course schedules vary. Students learn a variety of industry-standard coding languages, and train specifically for the career they want to pursue. Additionally, many bootcamps offer job placement guarantees and tuition-deferment programs. Coding bootcamps are the fastest way to learn UX design.


Colleges and universities offer the most secure path into a UX design career. A bachelor’s degree or master’s degree offers career mobility, and college graduates can often command a higher starting salary. An associate’s degree in web design or computer science can help students prepare for a UX design career. Students often major in computer science. Graphic designers are also common in the field.


Many UX designers are self-taught, and began their career from a cold pitch or freelance work. Self-taught web developers rely on resources such as YouTube tutorials to learn the skills they need to do the job. This path, while difficult and often time-consuming, is the least expensive option and works well for some people.

What Companies Are Hiring UX Designers?


What does a UX designer do?

A user experience (UX) designer builds the visual and interactive elements of a website or application. Their job is to make it easy for users to navigate the site, application, or software.

Is UX design a good career?

Yes, UX design is a good career path to choose. The Bureau of Labor Statistics reports a significant job growth rate of 13% for this profession.

How much does a UX designer earn?

The average salary of a UX designer is $85,011. Designers can make upwards of $7,000 a year or so in bonuses. Some experienced UX designers earn upwards of $100,000 a year.

How long does it take to become a UX designer?

Coding bootcamps with UX design programs vary. Typically, bootcamp UX design programs last around 6 months. These programs may last longer if you are a part-time student.

Find the right bootcamp for you
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